I am shivering but also sweating? but I don’t think I have a fever or anything?
BODY WHY ARE YOU DUMB
Ancient moon priestesses were called virgins. ‘Virgin’ meant not married, not belonging to a man - a woman who was ‘one-in-herself’. The very word derives from a Latin root meaning strength, force, skill; and was later applied to men: virile. Ishtar, Diana, Astarte, Isis were all called virgin, which did not refer to sexual chastity, but sexual independence. And all great culture heroes of the past, mythic or historic, were said to be born of virgin mothers: Marduk, Gilgamesh, Buddha, Osiris, Dionysus, Genghis Khan, Jesus - they were all affirmed as sons of the Great Mother, of the Original One, their worldly power deriving from her. When the Hebrews used the word, and in the original Aramaic, it meant ‘maiden’ or ‘young woman’, with no connotations to sexual chastity. But later Christian translators could not conceive of the ‘Virgin Mary’ as a woman of independent sexuality, needless to say; they distorted the meaning into sexually pure, chaste, never touched.
Monica Sjoo, The Great Cosmic Mother: Rediscovering the Religion of the Earth (via tierdropp)
this is interesting! BUT about Mary: the phasing in the New Testament (which was originally in Greek, although it was written about people who mostly spoke Hebrew/Aramaic) is literally “how can this be, since I do not [sexually] know a man?” which—I don’t think you have to distort that to get “sexually pure, chaste, untouched.” the word “virgin” is used in English translation because we don’t often use the sexual sense of “to know.”
[source: notes on the ESV translation]
As much as I adore all the art, there’s one thing that has never made sense to me; why is Maedhros’ stump always portrayed as being right at the wrist?
It makes no logical sense from a physical or medical standpoint. He was bound by his wrist, meaning the metal cuff would have been a bare minimum of 3-4 inches long to be strong enough to bear his weight.
Then we have to take into account not only that Fingon would have needed to cut about an inch beyond that to sever it cleanly, but the healers would have had to take another inch or so more to create a flap of skin to close the wound properly.
This would result in Maedhros’ stump actually being closer to his elbow, or at the very most, mid-forearm.
well, to be honest, there are so many magical or semi-magical metal items in Tolkien’s universe that I think Morgoth could probably make the thing the width of a bracelet and have it support Maedhros / be impossible to cut through
but those other points?
they are very good points.
… but once his hand is cut off, wouldn’t his arm just pull right through? Even if the cuff was initially tight to his forearm, surely between dehydration/starvation and loss of muscle mass while he’s been hanging there, it would be able to slip out. I think another question to pose might be why Fingon didn’t just cut off Maedhros’ thumb instead of the whole hand, but haste may account for that. And I’m certainly not an expert on amputations, but skin does stretch to some degree, no?
Uhhhh, I think the general consensus is that the amputation point was BELOW the cuff, rather than above it? Because it’s…easier to cut there given the bone arrangement, I think, although I’d have to see if there’s anything in the actual text that says anything either way. (I think it just says “wrist” both times, both for where the shackle was and where Fingon severed the arm, which—obviously there has to be some distance between the two.)
As for the thumb thing, that would have been SMART, but LESS DRAMATIC. Also it would require more precision? And Fingon is presumably either A) standing on a hovering eagle or B) hanging onto the shackle and standing on a really small ledge. Neither of those positions lends to precision. So even if he’d thought of that, which it’s not too surprising that he didn’t do given the situation, I don’t know if he would have tried for the more complicated of the operations or the more risky.
Can’t comment further on the skin thing. Who knows, maybe Elves were medically advanced enough to do skin grafts.